House Martin


House Martin

The house martin is small bird from the swallow family. They arrive in the UK around April, returning to their traditional nest sites. They stay until around September – October time when they then migrate south for the winter.


Identification

Adult
The House Martin is a compact black & white bird. They have a blue-black crown & back, black wings & tail, prominent white rump, forked tail and pure white underparts.
Size
12 - 13cm
Bill
Black, short & thin
Legs
White & short; on close inspection their legs and toes are covered in white feathers
Habitat
The House Martin is found in towns, cities, mixed agricultural areas, and inland freshwater.
Behaviour
Aerial, takes off and lands on buildings. Spend a lot of its time on the wing.
Flight
Glides, flittering, diving, swooping.
Voice
Harsh chirrup

Breeding & Feeding

Nest
Mud domes under eaves of buildings
Eggs
Lays 4-5 eggs, white.
Incubation Period
13 - 19 days
Broods
2 to 3; May - June.
Food
Insects on the wing.
UK Breeding Pairs
560000