Firecrest


Firecrest

Marginally larger than a Goldcrest, the Firecrest is more brightly coloured. They can be mistaken for the Goldcrest.

Britain is on the edge of its range. First nested in New Forest in 1962 and by 1970 was found in several locations in South England and Wales. Can be found mainly in South-east of England, a few in the south west, Wales and East Anglia. They are scarce birds.


Identification

Adult
Greenish/yellow colour upper-parts, white underparts. Dark stripes through the eye.
Juvenile
The juvenile lacks the bright orange-red, yellow crown.
Male
The male has a startling orange-red patch on his crown and a strongly striped head,. They have a very broad, obvious white stripe over the eye and bordered black.
Female
The female under and upper parts are same colour as the male's, but her crown patch is more yellow's.
Size
9cms in size and weigh 5gr
Habitat
Breeds in woodlands and favour Norway spruce plantations in Britain. Can also be seen in deciduous or mixed woods with rich undergrowth.
Voice
Usual call is 'zit' often a single note. Song is a succession of 'zit' notes that get louder and faster.

Breeding & Feeding

Nest
Suspended nest found in conifers, ball shaped and made from moss, lichen and lines with feathers and hair.
Eggs
7 - 12 eggs
Incubation Period
17 - 17 days
Fledgling
20 - 24 days
Broods
can have two broods a year.
Food
insects, spiders, caterpillars, flies, bugs, beetles and small snails.
UK Breeding Pairs
350 breeding pairs

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