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Wild Bird Guide : House Sparrow

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House Sparrow - Passer domesticus

The House Sparrow is the most familiar of British birds, noisy & gregarious, found everywhere that’s inhabited by people taking advantage of man's rubbish and waste. Its resident in the whole of the UK, although thinly distributed in upland areas and parts of Scottish highlands.
 

 

Identification

Male
Streaked brown & black upper body, chocolate nape and grey crown. It has a wide black bib across the breast.
Female
Buffy & brown streaked back, prominent pale eyebrows and double wing bar and lacks black bib.
Size 14-15.5cm
Bill
brown, short & thin
Legs
pink, medium in length
Habitat
The House Sparrow is found in gardens, woods, hedges, heaths, marshes, sea cliff's & estuaries.
Behaviour
flits, perches openly, hops, takes off & lands from vegetation or the ground.
Flocking
 
Flight
direct
Voice
chirrup; various twitters

 

Breeding

Nest
prefer holes in buildings, will use bushes & trees.
Eggs
lays 3-5 eggs, grey, blotched dark grey.
Incubation period
11 - 14 days
Fledgeling
15 days
Broods
3; April - June.
Food
seeds, insects, bread
UK breeding pairs
2.8 - 4.9 million

 

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